Neoplastic Disease – Cancer

by on July 31, 2012

Cancer is one of the most feared words for many people. When they find out that they have one or other neoplastic disease, it often feels like a death sentence. This is probably associated with the fear of dying and of suffering of intense pain. The truth is that the disease can be extremely debilitating, but can cured if it is discovered early enough. There are also a number of preventative measures that can be applied. Many factors have contributed to an increase in the incidence of many types of neoplasms today.

Over the past few years there has been a study increase in the number of cases of skin cancer. One of the major contributors to this trend is the damage to the earth’s ozone layer. Many of the sun’s harmful rays are able to penetrate the atmosphere and irradiate unprotected skin. This continuous damage to the skin over time can eventually result in the formation of cancers. There are many protective creams and lotions which can be applied to the skin, if you are going to spend long periods of time in the sun. The food and beverages that people consume can also result in the formation of various irregularities in the gastrointestinal tract.

Many of the items available for human consumption contain various artificial preservatives. Some of these chemicals have been identified as having carcinogenic properties, which can increase the risk of developing cancer. This has been associated with the increase in the incidence of colon cancer which is prevalent today. These kind of findings have resulted in the development of a huge industry in the manufacture of food products free of artificial preservatives.

Many people die of lung cancer today as in the past. There are a number of contributing factors which have been associated with this increased incidence. In the past, asbestos was used in many situations in the home and work place. Miners who retrieved the asbestos were exposed to an extremely fine dust, which lodged in the lungs. This has resulted in an increase in the incidence of mesotheliomas. Smoking and the increase levels of air pollution has also been associated with lung carcinomas. This increase in lung neoplastic disease has resulted in stricter preventative measures being put in place. In many areas around the world, the use of asbestos and asbestos related products is not allowed. Strict non-smoking laws have been put in place, and companies who emit toxic gases into the atmosphere need to have filtration systems in place to minimize these emissions.

Neoplastic disease is not only a condition of the old. Many younger people and even children are affected by this dreadful disease. In many instances, the increase in the prevalence of cancers is as a result of many environmental and social factors. A large percentage of these factors have been initiated by man himself. Today, many laws have been put in place to try and minimize these events. Hopefully this will lead to a better quality of life for all.

 

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Malignant Neoplastic Diseases are tumors or malignant growths brought on by abnormal cells that  have the ability to spread to anywhere in the body via the bloodstream. Malignant neoplastic disease are commonly known as cancer.

Neoplastic disease in a more technical sense is the excessive division of cells. This is caused by a variety of factors, that results in the atypical bodies of tissue – neoplasms. A neoplasm has the ability form anywhere in the body and is commonly called a tumor. More often than not the term noeplasm tumor is used in conjunction with cancer, neoplasms can also be benign or nonmalignant. There are numerous causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments as well as different prognoses of people with neoplastic disease.

There are numerous factors than enhance the risks of developing neoplastic disease. Prolonged use of excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking and obesity have all be linked to the disease. Also, lowered immune systems and genetic predisposition can also be factors. neoplasms can also be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and the human papilomavirus (HBV). Overexposure to sun, chemicals and other environmental toxins as well as radiation have been known to also play roles in the development and causes of neoplastic diseases.

Symptoms of neoplastic disease vary in severity and type. Commonly they are are related to the location of the neoplasm and are usually generalized. Some typical symptoms include night sweats, weight loss, anemia, fatigue and shortness of breath. However, there also may be more visible symptoms such as skin lesions or lumps. Occasionally, the symptoms can be asymptomatic meaning they do not appear until the disease is advanced.

The diagnosis of neoplastic diseases vary greatly. The most common and well known method is a biopsy. This is where the cells of the neoplasm are examined. This is an extremely reliable test as it confirms the malignancy as well as the type of growth. Other methods include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) and computerized axial tomography (CAT). These are usually done after the initial diagnosis to map the size, spread of the disease and exact locations. Other times blood tests are done which check for markers in the blood which can point to tumors. Bone marrow biopsies are common for diseases as as leukemia.

Treatment option for neoplastic disease vary vastly. Benign neoplasms usually require no treatment and are commonly removed without any further complications. Lesions appearing on the surface skin are also usually removed without complication. However, malignant forms of the disease will require other methods. These can include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. Many times depending on the severity treatment is a combination of the three mentioned. If cancers have spread to organs such as lymph-nodes, these organs are usually removed to prevent further spreading.

Prognosis will vary based on location and malignancy. A benign neoplasm will have a better prognosis than maligannt but there are times where a malignant neoplasm is not treatable. The location and form will determine the treatment options as some respond better depending on these factors.

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