Neoplastic disease results from abnormal mass growth of tissues due to a condition referred to as Neoplasia. The tissue growth that persists after cessation normally develops into tumor or lumps. Tumors which arise due to Neoplastic condition are normally due to different types of cells. However, their initiation process and growth continuation process is entirely dependant on one population.
There are different types of neoplastic disease depending on their location. They include:
Cervical lntraepithelial Neoplasia, which is the dysplasia of cervical layer. It is often characterized depending on hyperplasia degree but often it is pre-malignant.
Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia is another type of neoplastic cancer disease. This particular condition originates from the placenta and it is formed by a combination of neoplastic disorders which include: choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform moleand chorioadenoma destruens.
The ﬁnal type is the Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia. This type of neoplastic disease is a rare one normally associated with genetic defects. These genetic defects may lead to hyperfunction and hyperplasia of either one or several endocrine systems components.
They are three types of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia namely type l, ll and type lll. The type I condition comprises of tumors in the parathyroid glands, pancreatic islet or the pituitary cells. Sometimes it may be accompanied by Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome and peptic ulcers.Type ll neoplasia factors include pheochromocytoma, parathyroid hyperplasia and Thyroid Medullary Carcinoma. Some scientists have classiﬁed a type lll neoplasia, which is very similar to type ll. It normally affects the ganglioneuromas, oralregion, café-au-lait spots and neuroﬁbromas.
There are other impairments of malignant neoplasms associated with HIV. They include lymphoma, squamous tissue carcinoma, kaposi’s sarcoma, anal margin and cervix carcinoma. They are comprised by skin neoplasia, sarcoma of the soft tissue, leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, neck and head soft tissue tumors, thyroid gland, salivary glands, sarcoma of the skeletal system, breast, lungs, nervous system, pleura, esophagus and testicles.
During any evaluation of neoplastic disease, several factors must be put into consideration. They include the extent of the
condition as well as its origin. After diagnosis, the physician puts into consideration the frequency, the duration and
response resulting from anti-neoplastic therapy. These include irradiation, hormones, immunotherapy, surgery,
chemotherapy, system cell or bone marrow transplant.
There are several options available for neoplastic disease treatment. The treatment should always start with therapy through which, ample time should pass to allow the therapy to take its effects. After a period of six months of therapy treatment with no positive results, a change in the treatment regime should be implemented.
If the patient shows any of the following adverse effects from therapy treatment, other treatments which include drugs subscription are administered. The symptoms include: persistent weakness, cardiovascular complication, neurological complication, Reactive Mental Conditions and a continuation of gastrointestinal symptoms.
Surgery is also another method of neoplastic disease treatment and it has been proven to be effective. However, patients who cannot withstand anesthesia or those with other impairments cannot use it. Also patients with huge tumors are not advised to use surgical procedures as means of treatment.